Ammonium Bicarbonate

introduction

Ammonium Bicarbonate is a chemical compound with the chemical formula NaHCO3. It is an important industrial chemical. There are many other common names such as Baking soda, Bicarbonate of soda, Bicarb etc.

Properties

Sodium bicarbonate is a odorless, white crystalline solid or fine powder. The density is around 2.2o g/ml. The aqueous solutions of NaHCO3 are alkaline in nature. It decomposes to Na2CO3 when to a temperature of 50 °C. 

CAS number : 144 – 55 – 8

Chemical Formula : NaHCO3

Molecular Weight : 84.00 g/mol

IUPAC name : Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate

Packaging : 25/50 kg bags, HDPE bags with polyliner inside

Storage : Tightly packed containers

Uses and Applications

> Primary used as a leavening agent in baking. When it reacts with acid, it releases carbon dioxide and causes the batter to expand and gives a characteristic texture to pancakes, cakes , breads etc. 

> Used to soften pulses before and during cooking

> Used in breading for fried food to induce crispness and allow steam to excape

 

> Can be used to extinguish small grease or electrical fires by being thrown over fire

> Should not be applied to fires in deep fryers as the sudden release gas may cause grease to splatter

 

> Diluted with water and used as an Antacid  to treat acid indigestion and heart burn

> Can be added to local anesthetics to speed up the onset of effects and make injection less painful

> Works as a mechanical cleanser on the teeth and gums

> Reacts spontaneously with acids to release CO2 as the gaseous product

> Used to neutralize unwanted acid or acid spills during chemical reactions

> An important compound for controlled fungal growth

> Registered as a Biopesticide by Environmental Protection Agency in United States

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